GUJARAT – INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION
The Indus valley civilization is comparable to other ancient civilizations of the world in Mesopotamia (Iraq) and Egypt. Travelling to Harappa sites is key to understanding the life in the Indian subcontinent around 3000 to 1500BC. Many believe that history of Harappa is not only the history of Indus valley and subsequently of India, but a history of mankind and more so the history of Asia.
Somewhere around 6000 BC, a group of Nomadic people settled in villages just west of the Indus river, and slowly created order for themselves. They grew in population, domesticated animals, started trade relations with distant nations, worked metals. By around 2600, a civilization as grand as that in Mesopotamia and Egypt had begun on the Indus Plain and surrounding areas, and spread beyond its place of origin. Then, between 1800 and 1700 BCE, civilization on the Indus Plain all but vanished. What befell these people is unknown. Agriculture declined and people abandoned their cities in search of food. Later, a few people of a different culture settled in some of the abandoned cities, in what archaeologists call a ”squatter period”. Then the squatters disappeared. Knowledge of the Mohenjo-daro and Harappa civilization died, until archaeologists discovered the civilization in the mid-19th century.
Travelling to Harappa / Mohenjodaro sites is key to understanding the life in the Indian subcontinent around 3000 to 1500BC. Indus valley civilization is comparable to other ancient civilizations of the world in Mesopotamia (Iraq) and Egypt. Many believe that history of Harappa is not only the history of Indus valley and subsequently of India but a history of mankind and more so history of Asia. It can be asserted that one has not seen India and Pakistan without visiting the sites of the Harappa and Mohenjodaro civilizations in these two countries
• Excursions to some of the sites of the Indus Valley civilization: Lothal & Dholavira.
• Explore the vast expanse of white desert in the Great Rann of Kutch.
• Take a Jeep Safari from the entry point of the Little Rann of Kutch.
• Visit the Famous Sun Temple in Modhera
• Meet a family who still preserves the ancient art of pottery started during the Indus Valley civilization.
• Visit Patan, an ancient fortified town which was the 10th largest city in the world in the year 1000.